The Indian nuclear power market is expected to develop in to a USD 40 bn industry by 2020. The total power generation capacity from 17 operational nuclear power plants stands at 4,120 MW. Nuclear power currently accounts for only 2.3% of India’s total electricity generation. India is planning to develop nuclear facilities in order that it contributes 5% of the total power generated amounting to 20GW by 2020 and 35% (63GW) by 2030.
Gujarat plans on installing nuclear power plants with a generation capacity of 8000 MW. This project is expected to attract an investment of INR 800 bn. A total of 6 sites have been identified including Ahmedabad, Junagadh and others in Bhavnagar district. These power plants will use nuclear reactors which will be purchased from the US under the nuclear deal. 40% of the power generated will to be used for state consumption purposes.
Two new power plants are expected to be operational by December, 2009. Rajasthan Atomic Power Project (RAPP) at Kota and at the Kaiga Atomic Power Project (KAPP) in Karnataka’s Uttara Kannada district. The plants will have a capacity of 220 MW each. These facilities will operate on imported uranium from Russia and France.
The growing opportunities in India are also attracting foreign players to tap in to this sector. Westinghouse Electric Co. and a venture between General Electric Co. and Hitachi Ltd. are expected to develop two nuclear power plants in India. Sweden has proposed to provide nuclear technology assistance.
In order to create larger corporate participation in this sector it has been proposed that private corporate investment in nuclear power, subject to regulation by the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board and the Atomic Energy Commission, should be permitted allowing up to 49% FDI in this sector.